By Jaturong Kobkaew -August 13, 2021
A recent meeting of the National Energy Policy Council (NEPC) had a key issue being the framework of the “National Energy Plan” aiming to reduce carbon dioxide to net zero by 2065 – 2070.
Zero net carbon dioxide reduction target, It is widely used around the world to deal with climate problems. According to the Paris Agreement, which aims to reduce temperature increases to below 2 degrees Celsius and to try to keep global temperatures around 1.5 degrees Celsius, the largest economies including Japan, Britain and France have all set net carbon reduction targets to Zero in 2050.
Thailand aims to reduce carbon dioxide to zero net within 2065 – 2070 in accordance with the NEPC Policy Direction, thus focusing mainly on green energy investment promotion, consisting of:
(1) Increase the proportion of new electricity generation with the proportion of renewable energy not less than 50 percent, considering together with the cost of long-term energy storage systems.
(2) Change the energy consumption of the transport sector to green electricity. With the technology of electric vehicles ( EV) according to policy 30@30, the conversion of transportation energy consumption to EV is a method that helps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Improve energy efficiency in the transport sector to be more efficient. Help solve the weather problem from PM 2.5 dust.
(3) Improve energy efficiency More than 30 percent by using modern energy management technologies and innovations. To increase efficiency in energy management.
(4) Restructuring the energy industry to support the trend of energy transition according to the 4D1E guideline, namely Decarbonization: Reducing Carbon Dioxide in the Energy Sector. Digitalization : The use of digital technology in energy system management. Decentralization: Decentralization of Energy Generation and Infrastructure Deregulation: Regulatory Updates Supporting Modern Energy Policy and Electrification: Changing the form of energy use to electrical energy.
The net zero carbon footprint target for the period (2065 – 2070) depends on technological change factors and financial support.
However, in order for Thailand to be able to drive towards Carbon Neutrality within 2065 – 2070 continuously and to show the position of preparation to adjust to accommodate the trend of the economic transition into neutral-carbon economy to increase Thailand’s competitiveness in attracting foreign investment with a policy to focus on clean energy use within the next 1-10 years (2021-2030) NEPC has assigned the Ministry of Energy make action urgent include
(1) Prepare the National Energy Plan Under the policy framework that enables the energy sector to drive the economic sector to support the trend of the transition to the economic system long-term neutral-carbon economy, covering energy drives, including electricity, natural gas, fuel, renewable energy and energy conservation.
(2) Consider increasing the power generation capacity from clean energy in various forms and reduce the proportion of electricity purchases from fossil fuels under PDP2018 rev.1 during the next 10 years (2021-2030) as appropriate, such as adjusting the proportion of electricity generation to be bound by fossil fuels as necessary and can support the increase in the proportion of clean energy electricity generation in the long term, consideration of cost and technological advancement is of the utmost importance. The probability of power failure (LOLE) planning principle shall be applied as a basis instead of the reserve power (Reserve Margin), which cannot analyze the results of the uncertainty of renewable energy. To make the assessment and planning of the country’s power system security more accurate.
(3) Improve the power transmission and distribution system infrastructure to be flexible, effective and covering potential areas of renewable energy in various forms to support the amount of electricity generated from renewable energy in the future and can respond to electricity production in a timely manner without affecting the national security.
For the process of preparing the national energy plan, It is expected to be completed by 2022. There will be a consultation on the National Energy Plan Framework during August – October 2021 to bring opinions into the preparation of the 5 main plans and consolidate into the National Energy Plan. After that, there will be a public hearing on the draft National Energy Plan before presenting it to the NEPC for approval.
General Prayut Chan-o-cha, Prime Minister and Minister of Defense said as the chairman of the NEPC meeting that adjusting the country’s energy resources policy to not affect the environment in the future. In addition to having to implement the strategic plan for the country and its people to benefit. Must draw private companies to cooperate with the government. If there is a problem in the matter of law, outdated regulations, must be revised in order to move forward.
“I want energy to be a matter of reshape Thailand. Most of the economic reforms originate from energy, so I would like the NEPC to consider the benefits that will occur to all target groups, including agriculture, manufacturing, industry and consumers,” said General Prayut.
The world’s largest hybrid floating solar pilot
The Prime Minister also gave an example of the development of electrical energy innovation from fossil energy to a new form of energy called Hydro – Floating Solar Hybrid System or a hybrid floating solar cell project is a combined power generation system between ‘Water power from the dam’ and ‘Solar energy from floating solar cells on the dam’ of the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT) that is currently working on a pilot project at Sirindhorn Dam, Ubon Ratchathani province is the first with a capacity of 45 megawatts and will operate 7 more dams in the northern region Northeast and South. According to the plan to expand to 2,700 megawatts within 5 years.
Floating Solar Power Plant Project EGAT’s Hydro-Floating Solar Hybrid is the world’s largest hybrid floating solar cell project. Combined power generation between “Solar energy” with “Hydropower” to create electricity security and environmental friendliness. First pilot at Sirindhorn Dam Ubon Ratchathani Province with a capacity of 45 megawatts, occupies an area of about 450 rai, representing only 0.27% of the water surface area.
The selected solar panel is a type of Double Glass that is highly durable, good moisture resistance It can be designed to be placed close to the water surface, which increases the efficiency of solar photovoltaic power generation by 10-15 percent. Underwater anchorage is anchored by concrete via stainless steel cables. Able to support all types of forces that occur in the water, such as wind, wave force, lifting force. At present, all 7 sets of solar panels and buoys have been installed in the Sirindhorn Dam, along with the installation of concrete buoys of the southern anchoring system. Switchgear building construction completed. It is expected to be able to supply electricity to the commercial system (Commercial Operation Date: COD) in October 2021.
In addition, the Prime Minister also mentioned about electric vehicles that must be complete both about the car and the battery charging station. In order to motivate more people to use electric cars, there has to be an understanding of the people to understand the energy changes of the world. To be prepared which energy preparations are made for today and the future, to make for a new generation. All work must be done with transparency, fairness, everything must be clarified, verifiable, and the country must get the most benefit.
Push “EEC”, the hub of ASEAN’s EV production.
The inauguration ceremony of GPSC’s semi-solid energy storage plant is the first battery plant in the ASEAN region. Located at Map Ta Phut Industrial Estate, Rayong Province, this is an important step that will help the Thai automotive industry maintain its position as a leader in automotive production in the region. And further transforming itself into modern electric vehicle production technology faster To become an important electric vehicle investment center in ASEAN.
Nowadays, it is seen that the use of electric vehicles (EVs) on the road is increasing. The key factor that electric vehicles will be interested in is the need to reduce the price of cars, more accessible and battery technology that has developed leaps and bounds to increase the efficiency of electric vehicles. Support the growth of the electric vehicle market that the government wants to support. This is in line with the government’s policy to accelerate the national energy plan, reduce net zero greenhouse gas emissions. According to the energy direction of other countries around the world.
Mr. Pairin Chuchottaworn, Chairman of the Board of Global Power Synergy Public Company Limited or GPSC, said that this battery plant is the first in Thailand and the first in the ASEAN region. Investment of 1,100 million baht, capacity of 30 megawatt hours and in the future it will expand to 1 GWh per year according to the goals set by the company. It will generate electricity from renewable energy at 8,000 megawatts by 2030.
Developing a Hybrid Battery train
Energy Absolute Public Company Limited or EA is another company that focuses on developing clean energy for the future both electric vehicle production lithium battery factory, Electric vehicle charging station. Recently, penned an MoU with China Railway Construction (Southeast Asia) Co.,Ltd (CRCCSA) to develop Hybrid Battery trains, hoping to raise the level of Thai rail travel compared to foreign countries.
Mr. Somphot Ahunai, Chief Executive Officer of Energy Absolute Public Company Limited (EA) said about this cooperation. “This is one of EA’s most important opportunities to be part of the Hybrid Battery Train R&D. It is a great starting point for the construction of a hybrid battery locomotive and mass transit plant. As well as a maintenance center and repairing high-speed trains, all of which will contribute to the use of domestic resources. Reduce dependence on or import from foreign countries A huge investment was made and a large number of employment. This will benefit the country’s economy in the long run. It also reflects Thailand’s determination to drive a greater proportion of clean energy consumption.”
While Mr. Luo Wen, Managing Director – China Railway Construction (Southeast Asia) Co.,Ltd (CRCCSA) revealed that the State Railway of Thailand. There is a plan to seriously promote and push the construction of railway infrastructure. As well as interested in the development of electric locomotives to reduce the use of polluting fuels, reduce carbon dioxide emissions. This partnership will surely be successful soon.